[Originally published in The Nation City Page]
ISLAMABAD – With the current drought prolonging through the winter, it is of utmost importance for each and every citizen of the country to try to conserve as much water as possible. A recent World Bank report declared Pakistan as one of the 17 countries that were currently facing a water shortage.
Moreover, water circulation also consumes a great deal of electricity and with the ongoing power crisis, it is our civic duty to save water in order to avoid wasting scarce electricity. There are several easy ways water can be conserved by each and every one around the house.
In the bathroom, instead of running taps completely, only half the potential of the tap should be made use of. One must ensure that taps are closed properly in order to avoid leakage. Water should not be let running while brushing teeth, shaving or washing one’s face. One option could be brushing teeth first while waiting for water to get hot.
When flushing the toilet, the flush handle should be pulled only halfway, when excessive water is not required and flushing unnecessarily should be avoided, and tissues and other such waste should be disposed of in the trash. Also, the minimum water required should be used during showers and baths in order to save water.
The kitchen is another part of the house where water is usually wasted excessively. When washing dishes, the dishes should be collectively rinsed, then soaped one by one and then quickly rinsed again in order to avoid wastage of water.
Moreover, instead of using running water to thaw meat or other frozen foods, food should be defrosted overnight in the refrigerator or by placing the meat in some water for a while.
Water can be re-used in several ways as well. For example, instead of draining water out, it can be saved to water plants or wash the driveway. Cars should be washed using a bucket instead of running water through pipes.
Also, the house should be checked for any water leaks, and they should be fixed immediately in order to avoid wastage of water and electricity.
Insulating water pipes can provide hot water faster and avoid wasting water while it heats up. These are only a few useful ways of conserving water, and the authorities should start awareness campaigns to encourage water conservation in order to minimise water crises in the future.
These small steps, if undertaken on an individual level by citizens, can help immensely in conserving precious water.